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The Avian Human Influenza (AHI) and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) integrated project

Accordingly with the close collaboration and coordination of all partners (especially local authorities, NOGs, Ministry of Health and Ministry of Agriculture, fisheries and forestry and National Committee for Disaster Management as well), with the strong supports of CRC leaderships as well as the financial supports of Finnish Red Cross (five provinces) and International Federation Red Cross and Red Crescent (seven provinces), the Avian Human Influenza (AHI) and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) integrated project of Cambodian Red Cross (CRC), purposing of contributing to preventing and minimizing the potential for human morbidity and mortality caused by an AHI & DHF epidemic or pandemic, has been successfully implemented and has got a fruitful achievements by July, 2007 in 274 villages, 46 communes, 17 districts of 12 target provinces (Kampot, Kampong Cham, Kratie, Kampong Speu, Mondulkiri, Prey Veng, Svay Rieng, Kandal, Takeo, Oddor Mean Chey, Pursat and Siem Reap provinces) .

Almost of the project activities listed in annual project plan of action have, in 2009, been totally accomplished by the project staff and 548 RCVs whose skills get gradually improved via learning by their doings and regular technical supports of the project management team at CRC national head quarter and at branches. Those RCVs, equipped by 33,100 of different kinds of posters (8,900 of AHI project posters and 24,200 posters from AED) and leaflets (in total 1,275 site leaflets, 235 T-shirts, 235 caps and 220 hygiene kits), have actively promoted community safe practices and raised AHI and DHF public awareness in all target communities above. Within this year, the project had contributed its budget (25 USD per each latrine) to build 200 household latrines for communities in five provinces supported by the Finnish Red Cross. There were about 65.34 % (197,290) among 301,941 of target beneficiaries in twelve target Red Cross Branches, had attended in the RCV promotion sessions for raising AHI/DHF public awareness. The majority of those beneficiaries not only just concern about AHI and DHF, but they have also paid more attention to other diseases such as influenza A-H1N1, diarrhea, acute respiratory infection,…etc. About 85% of target beneficiaries have practiced safe behavior (properly use of latrine, keep their village compound clean, regular washing hand with soap, stop eating sick or death poultry, keep the children away from poultry, separated their existing and new comer poultry, accepting putting guppy fishes in their water jars for DHF prevention, reporting suspect cases of both AHI and DHF…) to prevent their families from any kind of possible encounter diseases. Even though, the target families have significantly modified their practices/behaviors, but some of them still have some reaction with RCVs' activities. Those reactions could be badly affected to the whole community health in the future.

Quoting the beneficiary’s impression in Takeo, Kampong Cham and Svay Rieng province let us know that, "They are very happy with RCVs' activities making them to be more likely getting safe and healthier than before because the safe behavior practices and latrine utilization could make them easy to keep their village compound clean, to improve their living condition and protect them from any kind of diseases (fever, diarrhea, dengue hemorrhagic fever, avian human influenza, typhoid…), in particularly to minimize their expenditure for health services and to make them away from unsecured situation during their night time defecation as well. Addition to that they expressed their strong commitments of encouraging their neighbors to act as them and practicing the safe behaviors, using latrine properly and seeking for more contribution for the rest poor families which have no latrines yet" ​